Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association

Publications

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Achieving MPA Management Effectiveness Through Competence-based Professional Development

This brief aims to engage Directors of Marine Protected Areas (MPA) in East Africa in ensuring their staff have the right skills, right level of competence in those skills, and the knowhow to apply these skills to more effectively manage MPAs. This requires recognized standards in key competency areas against which staff capacity should be […]
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Locally managed fisheries in the Western Indian Ocean : a review of past and present initiatives

This report served as a background situation analysis for the project “Designing a Regional Network for Western Indian Ocean Local Fisheries Management to Build Community Capacity and Governance Frameworks”, funded through the MacArthur Foundation, which aimed to design a regional network for locally managed fisheries in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO), and ran from April […]
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Shoreline Change in Tanzania and Kenya: Manual for Assessment and Design of Mitigation Strategies

Shoreline change is an ongoing issue affecting communities, their livelihoods and tourism development in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region. A particular concern has been the threat of coastal erosion to tourism infrastructure. Other concerns, arising both from coastal erosion and from efforts to control it, include habitat loss and the degradation of coastal amenities. […]
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Sea cucumbers in the western Indian Ocean: Improving management of an important but poorly understood resource. WIOMSA Book Series

Across the Western Indian Ocean harvesting of sea cucumbers is predominantly carried out by artisanal fishers. Worldwide production of beche-de-mer that is processed from sea cucumbers is currently not sufficient to meet the demand of the Asian Market and pressure to continue fishing is still very high. This coupled with declining stocks and weak management […]
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A Guide to Commonly Occurring Larval Stages of Fishes in Kenyan Coastal Waters

The early life stages of most fish represent developmental intervals that are ecologically distinct from each other and especially from their later juvenile and adult stages. Knowledge of the changing ecological requirements and limitations, population dynamics, and behavior of the early stages of fish facilitates effective monitoring and management of fish populations and their habitat(s). […]
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Reef Fish Spawning Aggregations in the Western Indian Ocean: Research for Management. WIOMSA Book Series No 13

It is the first documentation of commercially important reef fishes that aggregate to spawn in the western Indian Ocean. It is the first to develop a framework for processing information in data- and management-poor situations where fisheries important to local communities must, somehow, nonetheless be managed. It is the first to explore in detail the […]
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Preparing for climate change in the western Indian Ocean – Identifying climate refugia, biodiversity responses, and preferred management. WIOMSA Book Series No 12

The research presented in this report develops a synoptic view of the biodiversity and resilience of coral reefs to climate change in the western Indian Ocean. Studying reefs over a gradient of environmental variability, we tested for differences in the acclimatization and adaptation response of corals to climatic fluctuations and changes expected with global warming. […]
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Mariculture in the WIO region – Challenges and Prospects. WIOMSA Book Series No 11

The IFS/WIOMSA aquaculture workshop/training course was held 30 November-3 December 2009 in Zanzibar. The 30 participants originated from 17 countries, including countries within the WIO region, and from Europe, USA, New Zealand, The Philippines and Brazil. The general aims for the meeting were to discuss ongoing mariculture activities in the region from a sustainability perspective, […]
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Progress towards Conservation Science for Marine Protected Areas in Kenya: an Annotated Bibliography. Book Series No. 4

Effective management of protected areas requires feedback of information throughout the entire management cycle. However, partly due to the lack of scientific knowledge to guide the various stages in the management process, the goals and objectives of protected areas are not always achieved. This Annotated Bibliography will serve as an important source of knowledge for […]
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The Effects of Coral Bleaching on Coral Reef Fish, Fisheries, and Ecosystem Services in the Western Indian Ocean

The project evaluated the effects of coral bleaching and mortality on the coral reef communities, fish, and fisheries in the western Indian Ocean through a combination of field studies before and after the coral bleaching event in 1998, and the development of a historical database on benthic and fish communities. Investigators repeated fish community surveys […]
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