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Acknowledgements

MPAs in the WIO

Marine Protected Areas or MPA's have developed rapidly in response to the worldwide degradation of the marine environment. The term marine protected area is defined as any area of sub tidal or intertidal terrain, together with its overlying waters and associated fauna, flora, historical and cultural features which have been reserved by legislation to protect part or all of the enclosed environment. MPAs range from small reserves aimed at protecting a single species to large biosphere reserves, which manage a large tract of ocean according to an integrated management plan. 

Maps of Marine Protected Areas in the WIO

These maps are as accurate as possible as of the time of printing. Existing MPAs are marked in red and proposed MPAs in green. Abbreviations are clarified below each map

Eastern Africa to Madagascar

Northern Madagascar, Mascarenes and the Seychelles

 

Details of MPAs in the WIO

The information below was as accurate as possible at the time of printing. Notice of any errors, changes to status or creation of new MPAs, should please be made to WIOMSA for incorporation into future editions. Included are proposed sites likely to be designated during in the near future. Some sites have both national and international designation. Where two dates are given, the MPA was gazetted twice, the second time changing name or size. Sheet A1 provides an explanation of IUCN categories. n/a = IUCN category not assigned. Size includes terrestrial portion of MPAs.

Country Marine Protected Area

Date

established

IUCN

category

Size

sq km

Comores Moheli Marine Park 2001 n/a 404.00

France
Iles Eparses

 

Ilot d’Europa Réserve Naturelle

1975
IV ..
Iles Glorieuses Réserve Naturelle 1975 IV ..
Ilot de Bassas de India Réserve Naturelle 1975 IV ..
Ile Tromelin Réserve Naturelle 1975 IV ..
France
Mayotte
Passe de Longogori Strict Fishing Reserve
1991 VI
13.80
Saziley Parc Marin 1991 II 25.90
N’Gouja Zone de Protection 2001 - 2.00

France
La Réunion

 

 

 

Parc Marin de la Réunion

1997/98

VI 18.20
L’Etang Fishing Reserve 1992 VI ..
Ravine Trois Bassins-Pointe de Bretagne Fishing Reserve 1978 VI ..
St Leu Fishing Reserve 1992 VI ..
Saline l’Hermitage (lagoon) Fishing Reserve 1992 VI ..
Saline l’Hermitage (reef) Fishing Reserve 1992 VI ..
St Pierre Fishing Reserve 1992 VI ..

Kenya

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kiunga Marine National Reserve

1979
VI 250.00
within Kiunga Biosphere Reserve (including MNR) 1980 - 600.00
Malindi Marine National Park 1968 II 6.30
Watamu Marine National Park 1968 II 10.00
Malindi-Watamu Marine National Reserve 1968 VI 245.00

Malindi-Watamu Biosphere Reserve [partially covers the MNR]

1979 - 196.00
Mombasa Marine National Park 1986 II 10.00
Mombasa Marine National Reserve 1986 VI 200.00
Kisite Marine National Park 1978 II 28.00
Mpunguti Marine National Reserve 1978 VI 11.00
Diani Marine National Reserve 1995 VI 75.00

Madagascar

 

 

 

 

Nosy Atafana Parc Marin

1989

II 10.00
(within Réserve de la Biosphère du Mananara-Nord) 1990 - 1,400.00
Masoala Parc National (includes 3 Parcs Marins): 1997 - 100.00
Tampolo, Masoala-Ambodilaitry and Tanjona      
Nosy Tanikely [no fishing zone] 1968/95 n/a 0.10
Nosy Ve [community based marine management area] 1999 n/a 10.00
Réserve de la Biosphère du Sahamalaza-Iles Radama 2001 n/a 322.00
Réserve de la Biosphère du Tulear 2003 n/a ..

Mauritius
Ile Maurice

Balaclava Marine Park

1997/2000

II

5.00

Blue Bay Marine Park 1997/2000 - 3.50
Black River Fishing Reserve 1983/2000 IV 7.80
Grand Port Fishing Reserve (Zones A & B) 1983/2000 IV 18.30
Port Louis Fishing Reserve 1983/2000 IV 3.30
Poste Lafayette Fishing Reserve 1983/2000 IV 6.00
Poudre d’Or Fishing Reserve 1983/2000 IV 25.40
Rivulet Terre Rouge Estuary Reserve 1999 - ..
Trou d’Eau Douce Fishing Reserve 1983/2000 IV 5.70

Mauritius
Rodrigues

 

 

Five Fishing Reserves proposed 1984-1998:   - ..
Anse aux Anglais/Grande Baie Reserve .. - 1.20
Carcasse and Grand Bassin Reserve .. - 9.50
Passe Demie and Islets Reserve .. - 5.20
Riviere Banane Reserve .. - 0.30

Mozambique

 

Bazaruto Archipelago National Park
1971/2001
II 1,430.00
Ilhas da Inhaca e dos Portugueses Faunal Reserve 1965 VI 20.00
Quirimbas National Park 2002 - 7,500.00

Seychelles

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aldabra Special Nature Reserve

1981

la

350.00
Aldabra World Heritage Site 1982 - 350.00
Aride Island Special Nature Reserve 1973 Ia 0.70
Baie Ternay Marine National Park 1979 II 0.80
Cousin Island Special Reserve 1968/75 Ia 0.28
Curieuse Marine National Park 1979 II 14.70
Port Launay Marine National Park 1979 II 1.58
Silhouette Marine National Park 1987 II 30.45
St Anne Marine National Park 1973 II 14.23
Ile Coco, Ile la Fouche, Ilot Platte Marine National Park 1997 - 0.01
African Banks Protected Area 1987 - 8.20
Anse Faure Shell Reserve 1987 n/a 1.08
North East Point Shell Reserve 1987 n/a 2.99
La Digue Shell Reserve 1987 n/a 1.58
Praslin Shell Reserve 1987 n/a 1.74

South Africa

 

 

 

Maputaland Marine Protected Area

1986

n/a 408.00
St Lucia Marine Protected Area 1979 n/a 414.00
Greater St Lucia Wetlands Park 1895 II 2,587.00
Greater St Lucia World Heritage Site 1999 - 2,396.00
Trafalgar Marine Protected Area 1979 n/a 2.50
Tongaland turtle beaches and coral reefs Ramsar Site 1986 - 395.00
Aliwal Shoal Marine Protected Area 2004 n/a 126.00

Tanzania –
mainland

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mafia Island Marine Park

1996

VI
822.00
Mnazi Bay – Ruvuma Estuary Marine Park 2000 - 650.00
Dar es Salaam Marine Reserves 1975 II ..
Bongoyo, Fungu, Yasini, Mbudya, Pangavini      
Tanga Community Management Areas      
Boma-Mahandakini 2001 - 100.00
Deepsea-Boma 1999 - 400.00
Mwarongo-Sahare 1998/99 - 300.00
Mtanga’ata 1996 - 150.00
Boza-Sange 1996/2000 - 559.00
Mkwaja-Sange 2001 - 299.00
Maziwe Marine Reserve 1981 II 2.60
Tanzania –
Zanzibar
Chumbe Island Reef Sanctuary
1994
II 0.30
Menai Bay Conservation Area 1997 VI 470.00
Misali Island Conservation Area 1998 VI 22.00
Mnemba Island Conservation Area 2002 VI 0.15

 

 


 

 

2004