Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association

Ecosystem based protection of the coastal zone: the effectiveness of seagrass meadows in coastal erosion management

Project Objectives
  1. Investigate stakeholder and citizen needs and perceptions of coastal erosion and the ecosystem services provided by ecosystem-based protection measures.
  2. Inventory of seagrass meadows along the coast of Mainland Tanzania, Zanzibar and Mozambique.
  3. Evaluate secondary effects on biodiversity from the interplay between the shallow coastal zone and the terrestrial environment.
  4. Examine how seagrass meadows influence coastal protection and biodiversity.
  5. Build numerical models to simulate the physical impact of ecosystem based coastal protection.
  6. Investigate best practise for seagrass restoration.
Expected Results
  1. Policy briefs to be used by decision makers and other stakeholders in the development or review of management policies and specific evidence-based guidelines to seagrass management.
  2. Technical guidelines on best practices on how to transplant and restore seagrasses in areas where they have disappeared.
  3. Production of empirical and numerical models to simulate the physical impact of ecosystem-based coastal protection.
  4. Provide capacity building ( Two PhD students).
Basic Facts
Project Partners:

Department of Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Technology (DASFT), University of Dar es Salaam
Aquatic Ecology, Department of Biology, Lund University-Sweden
Department of Biological Sciences, Eduardo Mondlane University-Mozambique
Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Dar es Salaam- Zanzibar, Tanzania
World Maritime University -Malmö, Sweden

Lead Institution: University of Dar es salaam (College of Agricultural Sciences and Fisheries Technology)
Year of Approval: 2018
Project Country: Mozambique and South Africa
Investigators: Blandina R. Lugendo and Salomao Bandeira
Study Sites:
Project Activities:

The project is studying how to strengthen coastal habitat resilience against coastal erosion by combining terrestrial and marine ecosystem-based protection. In addition, the project will identify and evaluate ecosystem services provided by seagrass meadows for humans and improved biodiversity in WIO region. The end product is to come up with best practices for seagrass restoration with a view of providing technical guidelines on how seagrass can be restored and inform evidence-based decision making for sustainable coastal management.

Students Supported by the Project and Titles of their Projects
For more details about the project: