This book presents the current knowledge about Maputo Bay in Mozambique, the largest coastal embayment in the country and a major feature along the eastern African coastline. Located on the fringe of the tropical Western Indian Ocean, Maputo Bay is a rich natural complex estuarine system forming a vast and heterogeneous environment with a diverse social and economic context. The book comprises four main parts plus sections within that include special contributions as case studies, for a total of nineteen chapters and thirty case studies. The book further analyses research gaps providing recommendations that intend to contribute for scientific progress and management. It is the result of the contribution of 68 regional and international experts, and is thoroughly illustrated with maps, graphical figures and colour photographic plates.