Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association

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Fishers´ migration along the Kenyan coast Implications for management of coastal fisheries

This policy brief has been developed following a regional research project designed to compile data on fishers’ movements, the drivers behind these movements and the impacts on host communities. The research was commissioned by the Marine Science for Management (MASMA) programme, under WIOMSA (Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association), to investigate fishers’ migrations within and […]
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Promoting Collaborative Management of small-scale fisheries in the tropics

Some 200 million people depend on fisheries for some part of their livelihoods. An overwhelmingly proportion of these are in developing countries, where the capacity of national governments to effectively manage fisheries is challenged by insufficient human and financial capital. This frequently leads to weak governance. These governance constraints can often lead to overfishing, and […]
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Locally managed fisheries in the Western Indian Ocean : a review of past and present initiatives

This report served as a background situation analysis for the project “Designing a Regional Network for Western Indian Ocean Local Fisheries Management to Build Community Capacity and Governance Frameworks”, funded through the MacArthur Foundation, which aimed to design a regional network for locally managed fisheries in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO), and ran from April […]
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Sea cucumbers in the western Indian Ocean: Improving management of an important but poorly understood resource. WIOMSA Book Series

Across the Western Indian Ocean harvesting of sea cucumbers is predominantly carried out by artisanal fishers. Worldwide production of beche-de-mer that is processed from sea cucumbers is currently not sufficient to meet the demand of the Asian Market and pressure to continue fishing is still very high. This coupled with declining stocks and weak management […]
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A Guide to Commonly Occurring Larval Stages of Fishes in Kenyan Coastal Waters

The early life stages of most fish represent developmental intervals that are ecologically distinct from each other and especially from their later juvenile and adult stages. Knowledge of the changing ecological requirements and limitations, population dynamics, and behavior of the early stages of fish facilitates effective monitoring and management of fish populations and their habitat(s). […]
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Reef Fish Spawning Aggregations in the Western Indian Ocean: Research for Management. WIOMSA Book Series No 13

It is the first documentation of commercially important reef fishes that aggregate to spawn in the western Indian Ocean. It is the first to develop a framework for processing information in data- and management-poor situations where fisheries important to local communities must, somehow, nonetheless be managed. It is the first to explore in detail the […]
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Mariculture in the WIO region – Challenges and Prospects. WIOMSA Book Series No 11

The IFS/WIOMSA aquaculture workshop/training course was held 30 November-3 December 2009 in Zanzibar. The 30 participants originated from 17 countries, including countries within the WIO region, and from Europe, USA, New Zealand, The Philippines and Brazil. The general aims for the meeting were to discuss ongoing mariculture activities in the region from a sustainability perspective, […]
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Investigation of the Importance of Reef Fish Spawning Aggregations for the Sustainable Management of Artisanal Fisheries Resources in the Seychelles. WIOMSA Book Series No 6

Many reef fishes aggregate at specific times and locations for the purpose of spawning. Spawning aggregations are vulnerable to overfishing, notably transient-type aggregations common to many groupers (Serranidae) and rabbitfishes (Siganidae). A 3-year multidisciplinary programme was implemented in Seychelles and aimed to determine the importance of spawning aggregations for artisanal fisheries management. Semi-structured interviews revealed […]
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Dolphin Tourism in East Africa. WIOMSA Book No 7

The MASMA sustainable dolphin tourism project was a collaborative research effort conducted between 2003 and 2006 with participants from Mozambique, South Africa, Sweden and Zanzibar. The objectives were to build the capacity for sustainable dolphin tourism in the East African region. Both basic and applied research was conducted to assess status and promote effective conservation […]
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Commercial Sea Cucumbers – A review for the Western Indian Ocean. WIOMSA Book No 5

Sea cucumbers (Holothurians) are a group of marine invertebrates that are harvested worldwide in tropical and subtropical countries. Over the past decades, a significant increase in the demand for sea cucumber has led to an explosion in exploitation often resulting in population declines in many producing nations. Because of the importance of sea cucumbers as […]
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