Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association

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Publications and Theses

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The list below indicates the publications by KMFRI scientists for the last five years:


Dahdouh-Guebas, F., A. Verheyden, J.G. Kairo, L.P Jayatissa & N. Koedam (2006). Capacity building in tropical coastal resource monitoring in developing countries: a re-appreciation of the oldest remote sensing method. International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 13(1): 62-76.

Njiru, M. Ojuok,  J.E. Okeyo-Owuor, J.B. Muchiri, M. Ntiba, M.J. Cowx, I.G. (2006) Some biological aspects and life history strategies of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (L.) in Lake Victoria, Kenya.  African Journal of Ecology., Vol. 44, no. (1)30–37.

Liti, D.M. Waidbacher, H. Straif, M. Mbaluka, R.K. Munguti , J.M. Kyenze, M.M.( 2006) Effects of partial and complete replacement of freshwater shrimp meal (Caridinea niloticus Roux) with a mixture of plant protein sources on growth performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) in fertilized ponds. Aquaculture Research, Vol. 37, pp. 477-483.

Liti, D.M. R.M. Mugo, J.M. Munguti, H. Waidbacher ( 2006). Growth and economic performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) fed on three brans (maize, wheat and rice) in fertilized ponds. Aquaculture Nutrition Vol. 12(3): 239-245.


Angwenyi, C.M. and Rydberg, L. (2005). Wave-driven circulation across the coral reef at Bamburi lagoon,  Kenya. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 63:447-454

Bosire, J. O., F. Dahdouh-Guebas, J. G. Kairo, F. Dehairs, J. Kazungu, N. Koedam (2005). Litter degradation and C: N dynamics in reforested mangrove plantations. Biological Conservation, 126:287 – 295

Bosire, J. O., F. Dahdouh-Guebas, J. G., Kairo, J. Kazungu, N. Koedam (2005). Propagule predation regulates natural regeneration in a high-density reforested mangrove plantation. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 299:157-166

Bosire, J.O., J.G.Kairo, J. Kazungu, N. Koedam & F. Dahdouh-Guebas (2005). Predation on propagules regulates regeneration in a high-density reforested mangrove plantation. Marine Ecology Progress Series 299:149-155.

Bosire, J.O., F. Dahdouh-Guebas, J.G. Kairo, J. Kazungu, F. Dehairs & N. Koedam (2005). Litter degradation and CN dynamics in reforested mangrove plantations at Gazi Bay,   Kenya. Biological Conservation 126: 287-296.

Dahdouh-Guebas, F., L.P. Jayatissa, D. Di Nitto, J.O. Bosire, D. Lo Seen and N. Koedam (2005). How effective were mangroves as a defense against the recent tsunami? Current Biology 15: R443-447.

Kitheka, J U., Obiero, M. Nthenge, P. (2005). River discharge, sediment transport and exchange in the Tana estuary, Kenya. Estuarine and coastal shelf Science  63: 455-468

Mwashote, B.M. Ohowa, B.O. Wawiye, P.O. (2005). Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Dissolved Inorganic Nutrients and Phytoplankton in Mida Creek, Kenya. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 13( 6): 599-614

Merrifield M. A., Firing Y. L., Aarup T., Magori C., Brundrit G., and Turetsky N. (2005). Tide Gauge Observations of the Indian Ocean Tsunami, December 26, 2004. Geophysical Research Letters. Vol. 32, GLO22610, pp1-4.

Odote, P.M.O., Struszczk, M.H. Peter, M.G. (2005). Characterisation of chitosan from blowfly larvae and some crustacean species from Kenya Marine  Waters prepared under different conditions. Western  Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science, 4(1): 99-107.

Skov, M. HartnolL, R.G. Ruwa, R.K. Shunula, J.P. Vannini, M. Cannicci, S. (2005). Marching to a different drummer: Crabs Synchronize Reproduction to a 14-Month Lunar-Tidal Cycle. Ecology  86 (5):1164–1171.

Uku J., S. Beer and M. Björk (2005). Buffer Sensitive Photosynthetic Carbon Acquisition by East African seagrasses. Marine Biology 147: 1085 – 1090.

Uku, J. Bjork, M. (2005). Productivity aspects of three tropical seagrass species in areas of different nutrient levels in Kenya. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science  63 (3): 407-420

Van Der Elst, R. P., Everett, B. I., Jiddawi, N., Mwatha, G. K., Alfonso, P. S., and Boulle, D.( 2005). Fish, fishers and Fisheries of the Western Indian Ocean: Their diversity and status, a preliminary assessment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 363: 1-22.


Aloo, P.A. Anam, R.O. Mwangi, J.N. (2004). Metazoan parasites of some commercially important fish along the Kenyan coast. Western  Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science, 3(1): 71–78.

Anouk, V., J. G. Kairo, H. Beeckman, N. Koedam( 2004). Growth rings, growth ring formation and age determination in the mangrove Rhizophora mucronata. Annals of Botany 94:59-66

Bosire, J., F. Dahdouh-Guebas, J.G. Kairo, S. Cannicci & N. Koedam (2004). Spatial variations in macrobenthic fauna recolonisation in a tropical mangrove bay. Biodiversity and Conservation 13(6): 1059-1074

Dahdouh-Guebas, F., I. Van Pottelbergh, J.G. Kairo, S. Cannicci & N. Koedam (2004). Human-impacted mangroves in Gazi (Kenya): predicting future vegetation based on retrospective remote sensing, social surveys, and distribution of trees. Marine Ecology Progress Series 272: 77-92.

Dahdouh-Guebas, F., R. De Bondt, P.D. Abeysinghe, J.G. Kairo, S. Cannicci, L. Triest & N. Koedam (2004). Ecologic-comparative study of the disjunct zonation pattern of the grey mangrove Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh. in Gazi Bay (Kenya). Bulletin of Marine Science 74(2): 237-252.

Huxham, M., E. Kimani, Augley, J. (2004). Mangrove fish: a comparison of community structure between forested and cleared habitats. Estuary, Coastal and Shelf Science.  60:637-647.

Njiru M., Okeyo-Owour J.B., Muchiri M. & Cowx IG (2004). Shift in feeding ecology of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.) in Lake Victoria, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 42 : 163-170.

Nyunja, J.A. and E.O. Wakwabi (2004). Trophic ecology of common fish in species in Mtwapa Creek, Kenya. Western  Indian Ocean Journal of M marine Sciences 3(2): 179-187

Ochiewo, J.( 2004). Changing fisheries practices and their socioeconomic implications in South Coast Kenya . Ocean & Coastal Management 47(7-8): 389–408.

Osore, M. K. W., J. M. Mwaluma, F. Fiers, M.H. Daro ( 2004). Zooplankton composition and abundance in Mida Creek, Kenya. Zoological Studies 43(22): 415-424.

Verheyden, A., J.G. Kairo, H. Beeckman and N. Koedam,( 2004). Growth rings, growth ring formation and age determination in the mangrove Rhizophora mucronata Lam. Annals of Botany  94: 59-66.


Bosire, J. O., F. Dahdouh-Guebas, J. G. Kairo and N. Koedam (2003). Colonisation of non-planted mangroves into reforested mangrove stands. Aquatic Botany 76(4): 267 – 279.

Cowx I.G.; van der Knaap M.; Muhoozi L.I.; Othina A. (2003). Improving Fishery Catch Statistics for Lake Victoria.  Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management,  6( 3): 299-310.

Dzeha,T. Judravu,J.T. Jaspars,M. (2003). Clionasterol, a Triterpenoid from the Kenyan Marine Green Macroalga Halimeda macroloba . Western  Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science 2(2):157-161.

Hartnoll R.G., Cannicci S., Emmerson W.D., Fratini S., Macia A., Mgaya Y., Porri F., Ruwa R.K., Shunula J.P., Skov M.W. & Vannini M. (2003). Geographic trends in mangrove crab abundance in East Africa. Wetl. Ecol. Manag. 10: 203-213.

Kitheka, J.U. Ongwenyi, G.S., Mavuti, K.M. (2003). Fluxes and exchange of suspended sediment in tidal inlets draining a degraded mangrove forest in Kenya. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf  Science  56(3-4):655-667.

Mwaluma,J. Osore,M. Kamau,J. Wawiye,P. (2003). Composition, Abundance and Seasonality of Zooplankton in Mida Creek, Kenya. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Maine Science  2(2):147–155.


Dahdouh-Guebas, F., J.G. Kairo, L.P. Jayatissa, S. Cannicci & N. Koedam, (2002). An ordination study to view vegetation structure dynamics in disturbed and undisturbed mangrove forests in Kenya and Sri Lanka. Plant Ecology 161(1): 123-135.

Dahdouh-Guebas, F., M. Verneirt, S. Cannicci, J.G. Kairo, J.F. Tack & N. Koedam, (2002). An exploratory study on grapsid crab zonation in Kenyan mangroves. Wetlands Ecology and Management 10(3): 179-187.

Kairo, J.G., F. Dahdouh-Guebas, P.O. Gwada, C. Ochieng & N. Koedam, (2002). Regeneration status of mangrove forests in Mida Creek, Kenya : a compromised or secured future ? Ambio 31(7/8): 562-568.

Kairo, J.G., Kivyatu, B. and N. Koedam.(2002). Application of remote sensing and GIS in the management of mangrove forests within and adjacent to Kiunga Marine Protected Area, Lamu, Kenya. Environment, Development and Sustainability 4(2):153-166.

Kamau, J.N. (2002). Heavy Metal Distribution and Enrichment at Port-Reitz creek, Mombasa. Western  Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science, 1(1):65-70.

Nyunja, J. A., K.M. Mavuti and E.O. Wakwabi (2002). The trophic ecology of Sardinella gibbosa (Pisces: Clupeidae) and Atherinomorous lacunosus (Pisces: Atherinidae) in Mtwapa and Wasini Channel, Kenya. Western  Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Sciences 1(2):181-189.


Abuodha ,P. and J.G. Kairo (2001). Human-induced stresses on mangrove swamps along the Kenyan coast. Hydrobiologia 458:255-265.

Gichuki, J., F. Dahdouh-Guebas, J. Mugo, C.O. Rabuor, L. Triest & F. Dehairs, (2001). Species inventory and the local uses of the plants and fishes of the Lower Sondu Miriu wetland of Lake Victoria, Kenya. Hydrobiologia 458: 99-106.

Gwada, P.O. and J.G. Kairo (2001). Litter production in three mangrove stands of Mida creek, Kenya. South African Journal of Botany, 67:443-449.

Kairo, J. G., F. Dahdouh-Guebas, J. Bosire and N. Koedam. (2001). Restoration and management of mangrove systems -a lesson for and from the East African Region. South African Journal of Botany 67: 383 - 389.

Kamau, J.N. (2001). Heavy metals distribution in sediments along the Kilindini and Makupa Creeks, Kenya. Hydrobiologia 458(1-3):235-240:

Wolanski, E., Mazda, Y., Furukawa, K., Ridd, P., Kitheka, J., Spagnol, S. and Stieglitz, T.(2001). Water-circulation in mangroves and its implications for Biodiversity. pp. 53-76. In: Oceanographic Processes of Coral Reefs: Physical and Biological Links in the Great Barrier Reef . Ed.Wolanski, E. CRC Press, London. 356 pp.

Dahdouh-Guebas, F., C. Mathenge, J.G. Kairo & N. Koedam, (2000). Utilization of mangrove wood products around Mida Creek (Kenya) amongst subsistence and commercial users. Economic Botany 54(4): 513-527.

Chapters in Books
Mwaguni, S., B.A. Mwandotto and H. Ong’anda (2001).
Integrated coastal zone management in Kenya. Pp17-43. In: Voabil, C. and S. Engdahl (Eds). The voyage from Seychelles to Maputo: Successes and failures of Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Eastern Africa and Island States, 1996-2001. Eastern African Mainland Countries and Regional Reports- Volume 1. Published by SEACAM, Maputo, Mozambique. 181pp.


Hansen ,G., J. Turquet, J.P. Quod, L. Ten-Hage, C.Lugomela, M. Kyewalyanga, M. Hurrbungs, P. Wawiye, B, Ogongo, S. Tunje and H. Rakotoarinjanahary (2001).
Potentially harmful microalgae of Western Indian Ocean: A Guide based on a preliminary survey. IOC-UNESCO Manuals and Guides No. 41, pp104.


A number of MSc and PhD students have been supervised by various KMFRI scientists in various subjects and KMFRI still continues to actively participate in capacity building both nationally and internationally as shown below. The students names are indicated, the year they were supervised and their institutional affliation and/or university the students were registered.

Fröcklin, S. 2006. Effects of fishing on predation of Tripneustes gratilla, a potentially destructive seagrass herbivore. MSc Thesis, Stockholm University , Sweden.

Stadlinger, N. 2006. Effects of Marine Protected Areas on mesograzer abundance and epiphytic algal succession.  MSc Thesis, Stockholm University , Sweden.

Lindvall, A. 2006. Effects of fishing pressure and life stage on predation pressure of Tripneustes gratilla.  MSc Thesis, Stockholm University , Sweden.

Kirui, B. 2004 - Present. Carbon sequestration in replanted and natural mangroves in Kenya. PhD Thesis, Napier University, Scotland.

Wangondu, V. 2003 – Present. Phenology and litter fall in replanted mangroves in Kenya. PhD Thesis, University of Nairobi, Kenya.

Omar, M. 2003 – Present. The role of mangroves as a biofilter for sewage. PhD Thesis, Kenya Wildlife Service, Kenya.

Langat, J. 2006. Structure and biomass of 12 year old mangrove stand at Gazi Bay, Kenya. MSc Thesis, Egerton University Kenya.

Tamor, F. 2006. Below ground biomass of mangrove stands with varying ages. MSc Thesis, Moi University, Kenya

Bundotich, G. 2006. Structure and natural regeneration of Tana River mangroves in Kenya, MSc Thesis, Egerton University, Kenya.

Njomba, P. 2005. Crab species dynamics in replanted mangroves. MSc Thesis, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya

Peceu, B. 2005: Mangrove vegetation structure interacting with environmental factors to influence molluscan species diversity and abundance at Gazi Bay, Kenya. MSc. Thesis, Free University of Brussels, Belgium.

Neukermans, G., 2004. Remote sensing mangroves in Gazi Bay (Kenya) with very high resolution QuickBird satellite imagery : automated methods for species and assemblage identification. MSc. Ecological Marine Management thesis, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.

Di Nitto, D., 2003. Digitale terreinmodellering en propaguleverspreiding in Keniaanse mangroven met een gezoneerde vegetatiestructuur (Gazi Bay).  Lic./MSc. Geography thesis, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.

Princen, S., 2003. Evaluation of the ecological success of a reforested mangrove system in a Sri Lankan lagoon.  Lic./MSc. Biology thesis, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.

Borje, A. 2003. Microphytobenthic productivity in mangrove areas of different replanting regimes in Gazi Bay, Kenya. MSc. Thesis. University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.

Holmgren, S. 2002. Re-establishment of algae and benthic fauna in replanted mangroves. MSc. Thesis. University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.

Zermouni, M. 2003. Comparison of sediment meiofauna in cleared, restored and natural mangrove areas in Gazi Bay, Kenya. MSc. Thesis. University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.

Mathenge, C., 1998. Exploitation of mangroves from a subsistence perspective.  Case study : Mida Creek.  MSc. Human Ecology thesis, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium